Today the Internet is used a lot. If you have a mobile or a laptop or a computer, then you must have used the Internet for some work on it. The Internet has become a necessity for us. We do our various types of work through the internet only. But do you know who invented the internet or who is the father of the internet? If you do not know, then you can read this article to know who invented the Internet?
The Internet is a very large network of networks. If we talk about the Internet, then only one person has not discovered the Internet. Rather, many scientists, engineers, and programmers have contributed to the creation of the Internet. In today’s article – Who discovered the Internet, you will get various types of information related to the Internet very easily.
What is Internet?
The Internet, sometimes simply called the “Net”, is a worldwide system of computer networks. The Internet is a global computer network that provides a variety of information and communication facilities, including interconnected networks using standardized communication protocols. In today’s time, the Internet is a public, cooperative and self-sustaining facility. The Internet is used by millions of people around the world. People use the internet for their own purposes. E-commerce or online shopping has become one of the biggest uses of the Internet.
Origin of the internet
The Internet originated in the United States in the year 1950. When the Cold War was at its peak and there was enormous tension between North America and the Soviet Union. Both had nuclear weapons and people lived in fear of long-range surprise attacks. At that time the US realized that it needed a communication system that would not be affected by the Soviet nuclear attack. Computers at this time were large and expensive machines used exclusively by military scientists and university staff.
The Elliott/NRDC 401 computer was one of the first electronic computers, developed by the British electrical company Elliott Brothers in 1952 when machines of this type could measure 4 meters in length and weigh over a ton.
Who Invented the Internet?
The Internet was not invented by a single person. When networking technology was first developed, many scientists and engineers brought their research together to create ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network). Later creations of other inventions paved the way for the web as we know it today.
Lawrence Roberts was the chief scientist at ARPANET. He took the responsibility of developing the computer network. Paul Baran’s idea attracted Roberts and he started working on building a distributed network.
An engineer whose work overlapped with ARPANET’s research. In 1959 he joined the RAND Corporation, an American think tank, and was asked to research how the US Air Force could take control of its fleet if a nuclear attack ever occurred. In 1964 Baran proposed a communication network with no central command point. If one point is destroyed, all living points will still be able to communicate with each other. He called it a distributed network.
An American scientist who worked with Lawrence Roberts toward building a distributed network.
A British scientist who, at the same time as Roberts and Kleinrock, was developing similar technology at the National Physical Laboratory at Middlesex University London.
BOB KAHN AND VINT CERF
An American computer scientist who developed TCP/IP, the set of protocols that control how data moves through a network. This helped ARPANET grow into the Internet we use today. Vint Cerf is credited with the first written use of the word ‘Internet’. Vint Cerf is called the Father of the Internet.
PAUL MOCKAPETRIS AND JON POSTEL
Inventor of DNS, the ‘phone book of the Internet.
The creators of the World Wide Web developed many of the principles we still use today, such as HTML, HTTP, URLs, and web browsers.
Inventor of Mosaic, the first widely used web browser.
The first use of computer network
In 1965, Lawrence Roberts ‘talked’ to each other for the first time two different computers in different places. This experimental link used a telephone line with an acoustically coupled modem and transferred digital data using packets.
When the first packet-switching network was developed, Leonard Kleinrock was the first to use it for messaging. He used a computer at UCLA to send a message to a computer at Stanford. Kleinrock tried to type ‘login’ but the system crashed after the letters ‘L’ and ‘O’ appeared on the Stanford monitor.
A second attempt proved successful and more messages were exchanged between the two sites, and ARPANET was born.
What is the difference between WORLD WIDE WEB and INTERNET?
The terms ‘World Wide Web’ and ‘Internet’ are often confused. The Internet is the networking infrastructure that links devices together, whereas the World Wide Web is a way of accessing information via the Internet.
Tim Berners-Lee first proposed the idea of a ‘web of information in 1989. It relied on ‘hyperlinks’ to link documents together. Written in Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), a hyperlink can point to any other HTML page or file that sits on top of the Internet.
In 1990, Berners-Lee developed the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) and designed the Universal Resource Identifier (URI) system. HTTP is the language used to communicate HTML documents over the Internet, and URIs, also known as URLs, provide a unique address where pages can be easily found.
Berners-Lee also created a piece of software that could render HTML documents in an easy-to-read format. He named this ‘browser’ ‘WorldWideWeb’.
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